Conventional Fire Alarm Systems
Principle of Operation
A conventional fire alarm system consists of a control panel linked to lines of detectors and manual call points, normally called ZONES, there is then separate sounder circuits are installed.
The control panel drives detector & sounder circuits providing LED indications should a zone activate. Conventional panels either key or code has then the ability to silence or reset the sounder circuits. The panel powered by 240VAC mains voltage, there is then a battery backup installed in the event of a power failure.
Fire detection Zones
Conventional systems will have a series of Manual Call points, Smoke or Heat detectors or even Beams connected to them. When these activate an LED on the tripped device will illuminated.
Sounder Circuits are cabled separately to detection and call point circuits. They also, where required, have strobe lights fitted. These would be installed in large factory areas or where people that are hard of hearing may Work.
Intelligent or Addressable Fire Alarm Systems
There are numerous benefits of addressable fire alarms. A panel installed in the building’s entrance will display exactly which devices hove activated, pointing to exactly where the fire or false alarm is. Addressable fire alarms are invaluable for large buildings or building campuses where a single control panel may service multiple alarm units. Addressable fire alarms also require less cabling than conventional fire alarms saving time and money. All of the devices installed as port of on addressable fire alarm system connect to a single cabling loop that runs through the entire premises.
The main difference between the conventional and intelligent or addressable detection systems lies in that for the former the Voltage delivered by the transducer is compared with a predetermined and fixed threshold (V alarm), obtaining from that comparison the system in standby or system in alarm status.
In the addressable Detection System, on the contrary, the control panel gathers the readings from each sensor and determines the status thereof according to these readings, any previous readings (history), the preprogrammed parameters and on the decision algorithm, being possible to act on the detection parameters, as well as, for example, the alarm threshold.
Each sensor on the addressable Detection System transmits its analogue value to the control panel with a regularity of less than 10 seconds.